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HOUSTON HISTORY - THE ALLEN BROTHERS HOUSTON TEXAS

Houston City HallHouston History - On August 30, 1836, two brothers, Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen ran an ad in the Telegraph and the Texas Register. They proposed a new townsite, called Houston. They said that the grassland on the coastal plain would become the " great interior commercial emporium of Texas" and that ships from the northeast to New Orleans could sail up Buffalo Bayou. They planned to build a sawmill and sold lots at moderate prices.The Allen Brothers named the town Houston after the great general Sam Houston who led Texas to independence from Mexico. The townsite also served as the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.

After being settled, Houston had gained a reputation for public drunkeness, brawling and prostitution despite the efforts of the Presbyterians and Episcopalians who formed and built churches. James Holman became the first mayor in 1837 and Houston became the county seat of Harris county that same year.

With the growth of the city, land developers became inspired to build up the suburbs. Pasadena and Houston Heights were built in the late 1800's and Bellaire and West University Place were introduced in 1911 and 1919 respectively. The metropolitan region built up soon after that and the population grew out in every direction.

Houston might have started as a political town in the nineteenth century, but life depended upon commerce and eventually oil. This holds true to this day, with Houston a leading city of industry. Most of the city's income is dependant upon the chemical plants that surround the city and the goods that are imported and exported from the Houston Ship Channel. Today, Houston continues to expand in population and new construction.